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### A Brief Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

*A Brief Introduction to Analytical Chemistry* by Louis Ramaley is a text that originated
from the notes for a one-semester introductory course in chemical analysis. The topics covered
include statistics, stoichiometry, ionic equilibria, introduction to instrumental analysis,
spectroscopy, redox and electrochemistry, and chromatography. The material is presented at a level
that assumes that the reader only has taken an introductory college chemistry course and is suitable
for both chemistry majors and non-majors, e.g. biologists or geologists. The approach is
roughly half classical, including material on equilibria and titrations, and half instrumental,
including material on instrumental methods commonly found in most laboratories. An abbreviated
table of contents is presented below.

**Chapter 1. Introductory Material**

1.1 Statistical treatment of data

1.2 Propagation of errors in calculations

1.3 Linear least squares curve fitting

1.4 Quantitative calculations involving concentration

1.5 Quantitative calculations involving titrations

**Chapter 2. Ionic Equilibria**

2.1 Behaviour of ionic solutions

2.2 Acid-base reactions

2.3 General method for the solution of equilibrium problems

2.4 Equilibria involving acids and bases

2.5 Acid-base mixtures

2.6 Theory of titrations

2.7 Indicators in acid-base titrations

2.8 Buffer solutions

2.9 Polyfunctional acids and bases

**Chapter 3. Introduction to Instrumental Methods**

3.1 Instrumental response

3.2 Relating response to concentration

3.3 Detection limits

**Chapter 4. Spectroscopy**

4.1 The interaction of light and matter

4.2 Absorption spectroscopy in solution

4.3 Molecular emission spectroscopy

4.4 Atomic spectroscopy

**Chaprter 5. Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry**

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Calculation of cell voltages

5.3 Half cell method of voltage calculation

5.4 Redox titrations

5.5 Potentiometry

**Chapter 6. Chromatography**

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Theory of chromatography

6.3 Types of chromatography

6.4 Uses of chromatography

**Appendix A. Supplemental Material**

Quadratic formula, use of calculators, balancing redox reactions, electrochemical calculations

**Appendix B. Tables**

Atomic masses, statistical parameters, ion size parameters, dissociation constants, standard potentials

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